Art Styles: Defining Art Styles in Visual Art


This is an introduction to the concepts, applications, and historical references related to two-dimensional art and composition, including the study of the basic elements of line, shape, texture, value, color and spatial illusion. Artists used many styles in their paintings and drawings. Michael Arnold Art gives not only descriptions of each artistic style but, visual examples and links to artists known for this style of artwork.

Michael Arnold Art is dedicated to Western styles of art with a focus on paintings and drawings. Western art is the art of European Countries, and those parts of the world that have come to follow predominantly European cultural traditions such as the Americas. Written histories of Western art often begin with the art of the Ancient Middle East, Ancient Egypt and the Ancient Aegean civilizations, dating from the 3rd millennium BC. Parallel with these significant cultures, art of one form or another existed all over Europe, wherever there were people, leaving signs such as carvings, decorated artifacts and huge standing stones.

However a consistent pattern of artistic development within Europe becomes clear only with the art of Ancient Greece, adopted and transformed by Rome and carried; with the Empire, across much of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East. Western art is arranged into a number of stylistic periods, which, historically, overlap each other as different styles flourished in different areas. Broadly the art periods are, Classical, Byzantine, Medieval, Renaissance, Baroque, and Modern, with each style being broke down into further categories. Michael Arnold Art is starting at the Renaissance Age, in the 1300's.

The influence of the art of the Classical period waxed and waned throughout the next two thousand years, seeming to slip into a distant memory in the Medieval period, to re-emerge in the Renaissance, suffer a period of what some early art historians viewed as "decay" during the Baroque period, to reappear in a refined form in Neo-Classicism and to be re-born in Post-Modernism. The other major influence upon Western art has been Christianity, the commissions of the Church, architectural, painterly and sculptural, providing the major source of work for artists for about 1400 years, from 300 AD to about 1700 AD. The history of the Church was very much reflected in the history of art, during this period. Secularism has influenced Western art since the Classical period, while most art of the last 200 years has been produced without reference to religion and often with no particular ideology at all. On the other hand, Western art has often been influenced by politics of one kind or another, of the state, of the patron and of the artist.
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