The surrealist movement of visual art flourished in Europe between World Wars I and II. Surrealism grew principally out of the earlier Dada movement, which before World War I produced works of anti-art that deliberately defied reason.
Surrealism emphasis was not on negation but on positive expression. The movement represented a reaction against what its members saw as the destruction wrought by the "rationalism" that had guided European culture and politics in the past.
Surrealism is a cultural movement that began in the early 1920s, and is best known for the visual artworks and writings of the group members. It was an artistic movement that brought together artists, thinkers and researchers in hunt of sense of expression of the unconscious.
Surrealists were searching for the definition of new aesthetic, new humankind and a new social order. The artistic movement Surrealism came into being after the French poet Andre Breton 1924 published the first Manifeste du surrealisme.
Surrealist artists wanted their work to be a link between the abstract spiritual realities and the real forms of the material world. To them, the object stood as a metaphor for an inner reality. Through their craft, whether it be painting, sculpting or drawing, artists could bring the inner realities of the subconscious to the conscious mind, so that their meaning could be deciphered through analysis.